April 10, 2024

Becoming a Judge in India A Path to Upholding Justice

4 min read
how to be a judge in india


In a democratic nation like India, the judiciary plays a vital role in upholding the principles of justice and safeguarding the rights of its citizens. Becoming a judge in India is a prestigious and challenging endeavour that requires a combination of legal knowledge, experience, and integrity. In this article, we will explore the path to becoming a judge in India and shed light on the essential qualifications, selection process, and responsibilities that come with this honourable position.

Qualifications and Eligibility

To become a judge in India, one must possess the necessary qualifications prescribed by the Constitution and various judicial bodies. The minimum requirement is a law degree from a recognized university. After completing their law degree, aspiring judges can choose to specialise in a particular area of law and gain relevant experience through practice. In addition to academic qualifications, a candidate must be an Indian citizen and have a good character, sound health, and be of a minimum prescribed age, which may vary depending on the judicial position sought.

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Judicial Services Examinations

To enter the judiciary, aspiring candidates are required to clear the judicial services examinations conducted by the respective State Public Service Commissions or the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for appointments in higher judiciary. These examinations typically consist of a written test followed by an interview. The written examination assesses candidates’ knowledge of substantive and procedural laws, including civil law, criminal law, constitutional law, and general awareness. Successful candidates then proceed to the interview round, which evaluates their personality traits, communication skills, and suitability for the judicial position.

Judicial Appointments

Once the selection process is complete, candidates who clear the examinations are appointed as judges in lower courts. They may begin their judicial career as a Civil Judge or a Judicial Magistrate and then progress to higher courts based on experience, merit, and vacancies. In higher judiciary, appointments are made by the respective High Courts or the Supreme Court of India. These appointments are based on recommendations made by the collegium system, which involves consultations among senior judges and the Chief Justice of the concerned court.

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Responsibilities of a Judge 

The role of a judge is crucial in ensuring the administration of justice and upholding the rule of law. Judges are responsible for presiding over court proceedings, interpreting laws, examining evidence, and delivering impartial judgments. They must possess exceptional analytical skills, a deep understanding of legal principles, and the ability to maintain objectivity and fairness throughout the judicial process. Judges are also expected to conduct themselves with dignity, integrity, and utmost professionalism, both inside and outside the courtroom. Their decisions should reflect a commitment to justice, equality, and the protection of individual rights.

Continuing Education and Growth

To excel as a judge, one must be committed to lifelong learning and professional development. The judiciary offers numerous opportunities for judges to enhance their knowledge and skills through training programs, seminars, conferences, and judicial academies. These platforms enable judges to stay updated with new legal developments, case laws, and evolving societal needs. Additionally, judges can seek elevation to higher courts based on their experience, track record, and merit, allowing for further growth and a broader impact on the judicial system.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What should I study to become a judge in India?

The process of becoming a judge in India requires a bachelor’s degree in law, seven years of legal practice, and passing the state judiciary exams. After serving as a judicial magistrate, candidates can apply for promotion to the higher judiciary with a salary ranging from Rs. 27,700 to Rs. 2,50,000 per month.

What questions are asked in a judiciary interview?

Most Commonly Asked Judiciary Exam Interview Questions. Please introduce yourself, gentleman. Tell us a little about your family’s history. What made you decide to work in the civil/criminal field?


Becoming a judge in India is a journey that requires dedication, perseverance, and a deep passion for upholding justice. By meeting the requisite qualifications, clearing the judicial services examinations, and fulfilling the responsibilities with integrity, aspiring individuals can contribute significantly to the Indian judiciary and play a pivotal role in shaping the legal landscape of the country for the better.

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