December 4, 2023

A Comprehensive Guide To Creating A Database in MySQL

3 min read
how to create database in mysql


MySQL is a widely used relational database management system (RDBMS) known for its performance, scalability, and ease of use. Creating a database in MySQL is a fundamental skill for developers and database administrators alike. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to create a database in MySQL. Whether you are new to MySQL or looking to refresh your knowledge, this article will equip you with the necessary tools to get started.

Install MySQL

Before creating a database, you need to have MySQL installed on your system. Visit the official MySQL website and download the appropriate version for your operating system. Follow the installation instructions provided, and ensure that the MySQL server is up and running.

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Access MySQL Server

Once MySQL is installed, you need to access the MySQL server to start creating your database. You can use various tools, such as the MySQL command-line client or graphical user interface (GUI) tools like phpMyAdmin or MySQL Workbench. Connect to the MySQL server using the appropriate credentials, and ensure you have the necessary privileges to create databases.

Create a Database

To create a new database in MySQL, you can use the SQL command CREATE DATABASE. Choose a meaningful name for your database and execute the following command


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CREATE DATABASE your_database_name;

Replace your_database_name with the desired name for your database. Make sure to follow naming conventions and avoid using special characters or spaces.

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Verify the Database

To confirm that your database has been created successfully, you can use the SHOW DATABASES command. Open the MySQL command-line client or your preferred GUI tool and execute the following command


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This will display a list of all the databases on your MySQL server, including the one you just created.

Set the Default Database

To work with your newly created database, you can set it as the default database. This way, you won’t need to explicitly specify the database name in your queries. Use the following command


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USE your_database_name;

Replace your_database_name with the name of your database. From this point forward, any SQL statements you execute will operate within this database.

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How to create a database in MySQL for students?

mysql> show tables; To create a table for students in this class we can do: mysql> CREATE TABLE student (lastName VARCHAR(20), firstName VARCHAR(20), -> major VARCHAR(20), bDay DATE); The format for the DATE is YYYY-MM-DD.


Creating a database in MySQL is a crucial step in building robust and scalable applications. By following the steps outlined in this article, you now have a solid foundation for creating databases in MySQL. Remember to choose appropriate names, manage privileges effectively, and leverage MySQL’s extensive features to optimise your database’s performance.

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