June 18, 2024

Including JavaScript in HTML A Comprehensive Guide

3 min read
how to include javascript in html


JavaScript is a powerful programming language that allows web developers to add interactivity and dynamic functionality to their websites. By incorporating JavaScript into HTML, developers can create interactive forms, manipulate web page elements, handle events, and much more. In this article, we will explore the various ways to include JavaScript in HTML documents and provide step-by-step guidance on implementing this essential language effectively.

Inline JavaScript

One of the simplest ways to include JavaScript in an HTML file is by using inline script tags. By placing the script code directly within the HTML document, you can execute JavaScript commands at specific locations. To do this, enclose your JavaScript code within <script> tags, typically placed in the <head> or <body> sections of your HTML file. However, it is considered best practice to include JavaScript in the <body> section, just before the closing </body> tag, to prevent blocking page rendering.

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External JavaScript Files

To maintain clean and organised code, it is advisable to separate JavaScript code into external files. By doing so, you can reuse code across multiple webpages and easily update functionality. To include an external JavaScript file, create a separate .js file and link it in the HTML document using the <script> tag. The src attribute of the <script> tag should point to the location of the JavaScript file. For example, <script src=”script.js”></script>. Place this script tag at the appropriate location within the HTML document, preferably just before the closing </body> tag.

Document Object Model (DOM) Manipulation

JavaScript’s true power lies in its ability to interact with the Document Object Model (DOM) of an HTML page. The DOM represents the structure of an HTML document as a tree-like structure, with each element being a node. JavaScript allows you to manipulate these nodes dynamically, enabling you to modify the content, style, and behaviour of web page elements.

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To access and manipulate the DOM, first ensure that the HTML document is fully loaded using the DOMContentLoaded event. This event ensures that all elements on the page are accessible before executing JavaScript code. You can then use JavaScript to select HTML elements using methods like getElementById, getElementsByClassName, or querySelector, and modify their properties and attributes.

Event Handling

JavaScript also enables you to respond to various events triggered by user interactions or other actions on the webpage. These events can include mouse clicks, keyboard input, form submissions, and more. By attaching event listeners to specific elements, you can execute JavaScript code in response to these events.

To handle events, first select the desired element using JavaScript, and then use the addEventListener method to bind an event to a function. Within the function, you can write JavaScript code to respond to the event. For instance, you could change the background colour of a button when it is clicked or validate form input before submission.

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What is the FAQ section in HTML?

The Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) page can improve user experience. All websites should have an FAQ page because it reduces the time your employees need to answer simple questions. It allows visitors to find answers to all their questions in one place. And an FAQ page can be a great source of content ideas.

How to hide HTML elements using JavaScript?

It can have values like ‘block,’ ‘inline,’ ‘inline-block,’ etc., but the value used to hide an element is ‘none. ‘ Using JavaScript, we set the style. display property value to ‘none’ to hide html elements.


Incorporating JavaScript into HTML allows web developers to enhance the interactivity and functionality of their websites. Whether through inline scripts, external files, DOM manipulation, or event handling, JavaScript provides endless possibilities.

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