July 16, 2024

A Comprehensive Guide How to Include JavaScript Files in HTML

3 min read
how to include js file in html


JavaScript (JS) is a powerful programming language that allows developers to enhance the functionality and interactivity of web pages. To incorporate JavaScript code into an HTML document, you need to include a JavaScript file. In this article, we will explore the step-by-step process of including a JS file in an HTML document, enabling you to harness the full potential of JS and create dynamic web experiences.

Create or Obtain the JavaScript File

The first step in including a JS file in an HTML document is to either create the JavaScript file yourself or obtain it from a reliable source. If you’re starting from scratch, you can use a text editor to write your JS code and save it with a “.js” file extension. Alternatively, you can download JavaScript files from libraries, frameworks, or other trusted sources. It’s essential to choose a reputable source to ensure the file’s quality and security.

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Placing the JavaScript File

Once you have your JavaScript file, place it in an appropriate location within your project’s directory structure. It is common practice to create a separate folder, such as “js” or “scripts,” to keep all your JS files organized. This separation enhances maintainability and makes it easier to locate specific files when needed.

Linking the JavaScript File to the HTML Document

To include the JavaScript file in your HTML document, you need to link it using the <script> tag. Place the following code within the <head> section of your HTML document:


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<script src=”path/to/your/js/file.js”></script>

Replace “path/to/your/js/file.js” with the actual path to your JavaScript file relative to the HTML document. This code tells the browser to fetch and execute the JS file during the webpage’s loading process.

Alternatively, you can place the <script> tag at the end of the HTML document, just before the closing </body> tag. This ensures that the JavaScript file is loaded after the HTML content, improving the page’s overall performance.

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Optional JavaScript Attributes

The <script> tag also supports optional attributes that modify its behavior. For example, the “async” attribute allows the HTML document to continue parsing while the JS file is fetched asynchronously. This can enhance page loading speed, especially for large JS files.

Additionally, the “defer” attribute indicates that the JS file should be executed after the HTML document has finished parsing. This attribute can be useful if your JS code relies on DOM elements or other scripts that load within the HTML document.


Can we link two JS files in HTML?

We can include a JavaScript file in another JavaScript file using the native ES6 module system. This allows us to share code between different JavaScript files and achieve modularity in the code. There are other ways to include a JS file like Node JS require, jQuery’s getScript function, and Fetch Loading.

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Do you have to link the JS file to HTML?

In order to use JavaScript on an HTML web page, you must use the <script> tag to either write your JavaScript code directly in your HTML markup or to link to an external JavaScript file.


By following the steps outlined in this article, you can effortlessly include JavaScript files in your HTML documents. This integration empowers you to create dynamic, interactive web pages that provide enhanced user experiences. Remember to choose reliable sources for your JavaScript files and maintain an organized directory structure. Experiment with different placements of the <script> tag based on your project’s requirements. As you become more proficient in web development, you’ll discover additional techniques and best practices to optimize the usage of JavaScript in your HTML documents.

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